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= Static file serving with \Rainbows!

While Ruby application servers aren't traditionally used to serve static
files, it'll be fun for us to see how far we can go with \Rainbows!

We aren't delusional enough (yet :) to compete with C-based servers like
nginx or lighttpd in terms of raw performance, but wouldn't it be nice
to simplify your deployments and only deploy one server?

== {sendfile}[http://rubygems.org/gems/sendfile] RubyGem

To enable the "sendfile" gem, just make sure you have 1.1.0 or later and
"require" it in your \Rainbows!/unicorn config file (not your Rack
config.ru):

    require 'sendfile' # that's it! nothing else to do

    # the rest of you Rainbows! config goes below:
    worker_processes 4
    stderr_path "/var/log/app/rainbows.err.log"
    Rainbows! do
      use :RevFiberSpawn
      worker_connections 100
    end

The sendfile gem is works for all of our concurrency models except
NeverBlock and EventMachine (see below).

The sendfile gem is less buggy than current (Ruby 1.9.2)
IO.copy_stream and supports FreeBSD and Solaris in addition to Linux.
This RubyGem also works under Ruby 1.8 (even with threads) and should
work with rubinius.git, too.

\Rainbows! supports the sendfile gem since v0.95.0

== IO.copy_stream (Ruby 1.9 only)

Users of pure-Ruby Thread-based models ThreadPool, ThreadSpawn, and
their Writer* variants use the core IO.copy_stream method under Ruby
1.9.  IO.copy_stream uses sendfile() under Linux, and a pread()/write()
loop (implemented in C) on other systems.

IO.copy_stream under Linux with Ruby 1.9.2 (and before) is also
subject to hanging indefinitely when a client disconnected prematurely.
This issue is fixed in Ruby trunk (r28557, July 2010).

\Rainbows! supports IO.copy_stream since v0.93.0

== EventMachine FileStreamer

EventMachine and NeverBlock users automatically take advantage of the
mmap()-based FileStreamer class distributed with EventMachine.
Unfortunately, as of EventMachine 0.12.10, FileStreamer cannot easily
support HTTP Range responses.

\Rainbows! supports EventMachine FileStreamer since v0.4.0

== Performance

With large files and high-throughput clients, there should be little
performance difference compared to optimal C implementation such as
nginx and lighttpd.  Ruby runtime overhead matters more when serving
slower clients and smaller files.